Translation by George Hoskins
These have been observed mainly in the south of England
(Hampshire, Wiltshire…) since the 60s, and more recently all over the world.
To the present day their number has been estimated to at least 5,000 [LP98].
In the beginning it was a question of ears of wheat found
flattened down to ground level in the form of a circle. Since then the
phenomenon has become considerably complex and diversified. Nowadays the
patterns found in fields are large up to some hundreds of metres in size, and complex
geometric shapes (see an example fig. 5-a) completed in a very short time such as less
than half a minute [PDCA89 p. 156 and LP98].
Many hypotheses have been examined, including that of extraterrestrials because
UFOs have often been observed in the vicinity [PDCA89
p. 17, 35, 38, 63, 68, 84, 89 and 98],
sometimes casting a luminous ray towards the ground [p. 115].
Fig. 5-a: Beckampton (Wiltshire) 8th August 1998
Flattened down wheat is in white.
Tractor tracks due to crop spraying can be seen.
Drawing diameter is ~50 metres.
It is likely that these geometric designs are due to
the firing of an aerial military microwave cannon, piloted by computer. The
arguments supporting this view are as follows:
Research by Dr Levengood (of BLT Research
Team), an American biophysicist,
corroborated by the analyses of Ken Larsen, a British biologist, has shown that
the way in which the stalks (wheat, rapeseed…)
are flattened without being broken or damaged [p. 25…]
typical of a UHF microwave effect. Thus one
can see stalks of rapeseed curving at 90 degrees, the flowers of
which are still intact, although those same rapeseed stalks break easily
when one attempts to bend them over by hand [p. 151]. The new
position taken up by the plant becomes fixed. It continues to grow
horizontally [p. 3 and 158] and breaks if one tries to
to the upright position [p. 140].
Phenomena of electromagnetic origin have been observed at the locations: irregular
compass behaviour [p. 172], disturbance of electrical
apparatus [p. 44, 60 and 172-173],
disturbance of radio frequencies, luminous flashes
52, 65 and 95], cracking sounds [p. 52, 63, 66 and
animals obviously unwell [p. 65 and 81], dowsing effects
[p. 177-178], etc. Numerous positive effects (spontaneous
cures, feelings of peace…) or negative
effects (temporary paralysis, mental confusion, loss of memory, terror…) have also been observed in humans [LP98].
Let us remember that certain effects could also be explained by a reaction of
fertilisers or pesticides subjected to microwave radiation, a reaction which
could release toxic gases [LP98, who mentions organic
phosphates]. The appearances of luminous
flashes and the cracking sounds are not inevitably objective phenomena and
they could be only feelings induced in the brain of the witness by an
electromagnetic field. Albert Budden gives an example of such
"If the brain of the subject is exposed to an [alternating] magnetic field whose
frequency varies from 10 to 100 Hz and whose power varies from 200 to 1,000 G,
the subject will see flashes of light [...] in the top left corner of his visual
field." [AB98 p. 59-60, citing research by L. Ruttan,
and S. Koren].
The investigator Busty Taylor showed that
samples of plants or ground taken in a crop circle could be attracted by a
simple magnet [AB98 p. 50-51]. That could be explained by the
the ferromagnetic particles present in the dust of the atmosphere were bound
with the site of the circle, after or during its creation. Some of these
particles have been scrutinised under microscope. They seemed to have melted
when touching the soil or the plants to create a fine cracked glaze.
A bird was found within one particular formation and its body appeared
literally to have exploded, as if it had been cooked alive in a microwave oven.
In other formations some dried out hedgehogs were discovered [LP98].
Also wheat grains are dehydrated and crunchy. They are less conductive
according to work by Dr Levengood.
Microwave laser technology appeared during the 50s and has been improving
in keeping with the increasing complexity of the crop circles. Is it a mere
More than 50% of the circles observed in England have appeared during
cloudy or rainy weather: the cloud cover would allow the origin of the microwave firing
to be hidden. Microwaves are able to pass through clouds and act through
falling rain, and they are perhaps less damaging to plants when it is raining.
Certain patterns suggest the use of a rotating beam with variable diameter
according to the circles in question [PDCA89 p. 156], which might
correspond to either the natural or deliberate dispersion of a maser beam,
fired from a high altitude. The diameter is estimated to be less than 30 centimetres at a
distance of 20 kilometres.
Why by Computer:
The geometric designs observed today are typical of those one can see on
computers: 3D designs, fractal designs… Certain patterns are, mathematically
speaking, pretty complex (fig. 5-b).
Fig. 5-b: a few of the pictograms observed in England
The designs are drawn very rapidly, by day and by night, sometimes in front
of witnesses who report seeing the ears of wheat flattening out in front of
them in a few dozens of seconds. Three accounts of this type have been recorded up to
the present day,
coming from known and trustworthy witnesses [LP98]. Numerous other accounts
have come from unfortunately less trustworthy persons.
Why an Aerial Shooting:
There are no traces of access to the sites even when the field is not lined
by tractor tracks because the crop is not sprayed, or when the ground is muddy
[PDCA89 p. 68, 107, 113 and 155]. We must remember that a field of
mature rapeseed cannot be crossed on foot because the plants (as high as
1,50 metres) are tightly interwoven.
There are sometimes broken or burned tree branches
directly above the circles [p. 174 and 184].
Why by the Military:
HPM (High Power Microwave) technology is used by the military today for
destroying enemy electronic equipment.
President Reagan’s "Star Wars" (SDI) proposed the setting up of
various antimissile laser devices. Let us mention only the GBL (Ground-Based
Laser), a ground cannon aimed at a reflecting satellite which sends the light
beam to a combat satellite mirror, and the SBL (Space-Based Laser) which aims
directly at the target. Even if the global project has been abandoned, some of
its devices may have been completed on a small scale. The firing can also be carried out from a plane
laser) or a dirigible balloon positioned at a height of 20 kilometres and
stabilised for example by ionic propulsion engines.
As the reader will appreciate, the necessary technical means appear to be
accessible only to the military.
In 1991, a design appeared in front of the country residence of the British Prime
Minister John Major, pointing towards the house. Obviously this dwelling was
under strict surveillance because of a fear of IRA terrorist acts. What other
organisation apart from the secret services would be behind such a
design? Numerous crop circles have also been observed in fenced military
areas under surveillance.
The military wish to maintain the belief in extraterrestrials and are
carrying out psychological warfare tests. They have the means for
decoying the observers with fake saucers so that the circles will be
attributed to extraterrestrials.
The military secret services are not held back by the risk of
Unfortunately the "circles" have already produced one victim: on the 22nd October 1987, as his jet was passing above a
crop circle, the pilot ejected and then detached himself from his parachute before hitting the ground [cf PDCA89 p. 104]. Some aerial photographers
report that the designs have a noticeable influence on them and on the aircraft
controls when it is flying above them.
The British military is co-operating extensively with the American military
and may have agreed to the use of "its" land.
The authentic formations have, of course, lead to numerous
imitations which were at first rare and clumsy but nowadays are more common and
sometimes impressive if the hoaxers have worked as a team for long hours.
Competitions have been organised but no hoax has been able to withstand close
In order to distinguish an authentic pattern from a hoax,
investigators concentrate mainly on the bending of the plant's stalk at its
base, the plant having always to remain unbroken, something which imitators find
impossible to achieve as they tread down their design in all directions during
its making. Freddy Silva sometimes uses infrared photography on which one must
see appear traces of disturbances in the spread of water within the soil if the
design has really been created by heat-inducing rays. Debbie Benstead and other
researchers often clearly identify a metallic taste in their mouths when they
walk within an authentic formation [LP98] which could be
due to a residual electromagnetic field interfering with tooth filling inside
In 1991, according
to research by George Wingfield, the CIA and the British Ministry of Defence secretly persuaded
two retired gentlemen,
David Chorley and Douglas Bower, to declare that they were the authors of the crop circles that had
been observed to date, without providing evidence to support their statement.
When this explanation became clearly insufficient, some
agricultural students then
made their appearance claiming they were making the circles. Now that it is almost admitted that
microwaves are involved, are we to see appear in the media a group of scientist hoaxers who
make designs in the fields from their telecommunications satellite?
Picture by Emmanuel Dehlinger
back... The Hampshire crop circles are re-appearing. This intricate
design was spotted alongside the Winchester to Corhampton road at
Stephen Castle Down at the weekend."
from Hampshire Chronicle, Friday, July 7, 2000].
After studying the question of crop circles,
you might be interested to see the technical solution we suggest
in the third part of this book, in the paragraph called The
Crime Weapon Identified